Umatshini NgeTekhnoloji eNtsha yeziXhobo zeMoto

Ii-asi ezinamavili kumacala omabini esithuthi esingaphantsi (isakhelo) ngokudibeneyo zibizwa ngokuba zii-asi zeemoto, kwaye ii-asi ezinamandla okuqhuba zibizwa ngokuba ziiasi. Umahluko ophambili kwezi zimbini kukuba ngaba kukho ukuqhuba embindini we-asi (asi). Kweli phepha, i-asi yemoto eneeyunithi zokuqhuba ibizwa ngokuba yi-asi yemoto, kwaye isithuthi ngaphandle kwedrive sibizwa ngokuba yi-asi yemoto ukubonisa umahluko.
Ngenxa yokwanda kwemfuno yokuhanjiswa kwempahla kunye nokuthuthwa, ukugqwesa kwee-asi zemoto, ngakumbi iitreyila kunye neenqwelwana ezirhuqwayo, kwezothutho lobungcali kunye nemisebenzi ekhethekileyo kuya kucaca ngakumbi, kwaye imfuno yentengiso inyuke kakhulu.
Olu hlalutyo lobuchwephesha kwinkqubo yokuchithwa kwe-asi, ithemba ukunceda abathengi ukuba bakhethe umatshini we-CNC ofanelekileyo.

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Inkqubo entsha yokuvelisa i-axle yemoto iyonke:

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Ukusuka kwinkqubo yemveliso entsha, umshini wokugaya osetyenziselwa ukwenza i-axle (i-axle eqinileyo) okanye umatshini okruqulayo (i-axle engenanto) kunye ne-CNC lathe, i-OP1 yokugaya, i-OP2, i-OP3 yokulandelelana ngokulandelelana, kunye ne-OP5 yokugaya kunye nokugaya ngo-kabini isiphelo CNC lathe OP1.

Ngee-asi eziqinileyo apho ubukhulu be-shaft bungadingi kucinywa, yonke imixholo yoomatshini inokugqitywa kuseto olunye, kubandakanya ukugaya imisele ephambili kunye nemingxunya yokugrumba. Kuba iiasi asi apho shaft engadingi kucinywa, uguquko oluzenzekelayo nokubotshwa komgangatho kunokufezekiswa kwisixhobo somatshini, kwaye umxholo womatshini ungagqitywa sisixhobo somatshini omnye.

Khetha kabini-isiphelo asi ezizodwa lathes CNC kumatshini iiasi kakhulu ukunciphisa indlela machining, kwaye uhlobo kunye nobungakanani izixhobo umatshini ezikhethiweyo ziya kuncitshiswa.

Uncedo kunye nenqaku lomatshini omtsha wokukhetha inkqubo: 

I-1) Ukugxininiswa kwenkqubo, ukunciphisa amaxesha okubamba umsebenzi, ukunciphisa ixesha lokucwangciswa kokuncedisa, usebenzisa iteknoloji yokuqhuba ngokufanayo kumacala omabini, ukusebenza kakuhle kuphuculwe kakhulu.
I-2) Ukubotshwa kwexesha elinye, ukuqhubekeka ngaxeshanye kuzo zombini iziphelo kuphucula ukuchaneka komatshini kunye nokuhlangana kwe-asi.
3) Ukunciphisa inkqubo yokuvelisa, ukunciphisa ukubuya kwamalungu kwindawo yokuvelisa, ukuphucula ukusebenza ngokusetyenziswa kwesiza, kunye nokunceda ukuphucula umbutho kunye nolawulo lwemveliso.
I-4) Ngenxa yokusetyenziswa kwezixhobo zokulungisa ukusebenza okuphezulu, inokuxhotyiswa ngokulayisha kunye nokothula izixhobo kunye nezixhobo zokugcina ukufezekisa imveliso ezenzekelayo kunye nokunciphisa iindleko zabasebenzi.
I-5) I-workpiece iboshwe kwindawo ephakathi, ukubetha kuthembekile, kwaye i-torque efunekayo ukusika isixhobo somatshini yanele, kwaye isixa esikhulu sokujika sinokwenziwa.
I-6) Isixhobo somatshini sinokuxhotyiswa ngesixhobo esizenzekelayo sokufumanisa, ngakumbi i-asi enezinto, enokuqinisekisa ukutyeba okufanayo kwe-asi emva kokumisa.
7) Ngee-asi ezingenanto, xa imingxunya yangaphakathi kuzo zombini iziphelo ze-OP1 sequencer igqityiwe, umthengi wemveli uya kusebenzisa isiphelo esinye ukuphakamisa uqinisa kunye nelinye icala ukusebenzisa i-tailstock ukuqinisa indawo yokusebenza yokujika, kodwa ubukhulu bayo umngxuma wangaphakathi wahlukile. Kumngxunya omncinci wangaphakathi, ukuqina kokuqina akwanele, i-torque ephezulu yokuqinisa ayinelanga, kwaye ukusika okusebenzayo akunakugqitywa.
Kuba itheyibhile yobuso obuphindwe kabini, i-asi enezingxobo, xa imingxunya yangaphakathi kwiziphelo zombini zesithuthi igqityiwe, umatshini utshintsha ngokuzenzekelayo indlela yokubotshwa: iziphelo zombini zisetyenziselwa ukuqinisa indawo yokusebenza, kwaye idrive ephakathi idada indawo yokusebenza ukuhambisa torque.
8) I-headstock ene-hydraulic clamping workpiece ingashenxiswa kwicala lika-Z lomatshini. Umthengi unako ukubamba isikhundla kumbindi isikwere ityhubhu (ityhubhu ngeenxa zonke), indawo ipleyiti ezantsi kunye nesithuba ubukhulu shaft le asi njengoko kufuneka.

Isiphelo:
Ukujonga le meko ingentla, ukusetyenziswa kwesiphelo se-CNC se-double-lathes kwiimoto zeemoto kunezibonelelo ezibonakalayo kwiinkqubo zesiko. Itekhnoloji yokuvelisa ehamba phambili enokuthi ithathe indawo yezixhobo zomatshini zesintu ngokwenkqubo yemveliso kunye nolwakhiwo lomatshini.

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Ixesha lokuposa: Mar-15-2021